Political Climate

The Egyptian Political System takes place in the framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Egypt is head of state. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the People’s Assembly and the Shura Council. Egypt issued the first constitution in 1882 and after canceling the British protectorate in 1922, Egypt issued the second constitution in 1923


Egypt lies at the crux of Africa and the Middle East. It is bordered by Sudan in the South, Libya in the West, and Israel in the East. The southern area by Luxor and Aswan is known as “Upper Egypt”, as the Nile flows from here down through the capital city to the Mediterranean Sea near Alexandria.


Cairo is the capital of Egypt. Cairo, in Arabic, literally means The Victorious. Considered the largest city in Africa it is situated in the northern part of the country. In the north of the city, lies the delta of river Nile. In the south, east and west of Cairo, the extensive desert regions are located.

 Climate and Best Time to Visit

Local daytime temperatures range as follows for the year (°C):


The local currency is the Egyptian pound, or ‘LE’, which is divided into 100 piastres.


Banks in Egypt have a remarkable contribution in the financial sector of the country. There is a series of Egyptian banks that with their efficient operation and skilled techniques have acquired huge popularity. Some of these banks are privately owned and some are public sector banks. Banks of Egypt are basically of two types commercial and non-commercial. Banks are open

 People & Population

According to a survey done in 2007, the population is estimated to be around 80,335,036. The population is mainly dense in and around the Nile basin. The fertile river plains have always attracted people to settle down in this region. Thus the population of Egypt comprises immigrants as well as the locals. The religion of the people is mostly Islam. Muslims dominate 90% of the total population, most of which are Sunni Muslims. Christianity is also practiced by some people.


The national language in Egypt is Arabic.  However, tourists will rarely find a problem communicating as English is widely spoken in hotels and shops, French is a close second, and many staff in tourist areas also speak German or Italian.

 Dress Code

Egypt is a country very used to tourists, and for sightseeing in popular areas such as the Pyramids or the main sights of Upper Egypt, shorts and T-shirts are fine.  However, you should allow for a more conservative dress code when walking in central Cairo and other cities, especially in rural areas. When visiting mosques or other religious sites, casual, comfortable clothing covering knees and elbows is best, in order to respect the local culture.  Around the pool at your hotel or on a cruise, low necklines, sleeveless shirts, or shorts can be comfortably worn

 Entry Requirements

United States citizens are required to have a valid passport and a tourist visa for Egypt.


No vaccinations are currently needed for visitors to Egypt.  During your stay, it is preferable to drink only bottled water and to avoid eating from street stalls.  Take care from the sun, which can often feel cooler than it really is due to the cool coastal breezes and lack of humidity.


Communications in Egypt include Newspapers, Radio and Television, Magazines, Internet and Telephone. Among the newspapers the most popular is the Al-Ahram newspaper. It is the largest newspaper in the Middle East published from Egypt. Besides the involvement of print media in the sector of communication the latest and most effective communication mean is the Radio & Television.


Egypts Electrical current is 220 V and sockets take the standard European dual round pronged plug.


Egypt is two hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) during winter.  During summer, from May 1st till October 1st, the clocks move one hour forward.


It’s customary to tip often in Egypt and you may want to think about carrying small bills in your pocket for this purpose.  Visitors would normally consider tipping their Egyptologist guide, driver on tours, hotel staff, and waiters in restaurants; however, tips for porterage in airports and hotels is always covered by Akorn staff.


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